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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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deeper, to create an illusion of Polish authority, supposedly residing inside
Poland itself and definitely pro-Russian in character. The c Powers-that-
be ' in Moscow considered it would be much easier for the United Nations
to recognise such a body as the representative of a supposedly existing
underground organisation hostile to the Polish Government in London.
When the Red Army occupied Poland, it could then become a government
de facto supported by the bayonets of that army. The difficulty was first,
to create such a body, and secondly, to introduce it into the international
arena. At the end of December, the P.P.R. (Communist Party) in Poland,
spread the news that they had formed a c Council/ Since the Communist
influence in that country was nil, the manifesto issued on this occasion
received no great publicity and was merely regarded by the leaders of the
Underground as one more scrap of paper.
In this c manifesto' (which was to become known later through the
medium of Moscow radio), the ' Council9 repeated the programme of
the P.P.R., stating that its foreign policy would be grounded on a * close
alliance with the Soviet Union,' and accepted the claims which Moscow
was making to the Eastern half of Poland. Since the news of the forma-
tion of this c Council' did not create any stir abroad, Moscow willy-nilly
had to come into the open and, in February, 1944, Moscow radio began
its campaign in favour of this body, the Polish-Soviet, under the name of
the  Peoples' National Council,' "which," as one inspired correspondent
suggested, " could easily and quickly become a Polish Government
acceptable to Moscow." Moscow radio claimed that the c Council *
included among its members " the Polish Peasants, Socialists and Workers'
Parties and other national groupings."
Thus this robot creation of Russia began to announce its existence
to the world and to expand exclusively through the medium of the Moscow
radio stations, and all information regarding its supposed activities
became known solely from that source. Inside Poland itself, every
existing political party, from the left to the right, declared unanimously
that they had nothing in common with such a c Council,5 and issued a
proclamation to the Polish people to the effect that,
" circles hostile to the Polish Republic have started an action with the
aim of weakening the cohesion of the Polish nation by spreading chaos and
causing division . . . The foreign Communist agents, acting under cover of
the P.P.R. in Poland, and dependent on a non-Polish foreign centre, are
conducting an action which is threatening the most vital interests of Poland.
.. . They (the P.P.R.) are declaring their willingness to renounce the Eastern
provinces of the Polish Republic and are fighting the Polish Government
which possesses the confidence of our people, the Polish Army abroad, and
the Home Army within our country.
" In an endeavour to weaken and split our national forces in this decisive
moment of the war, the Communist agents are forming a Peoples* National
Council and Headquarters of the Peoples* Army and announcing the
creation of a * Provisional Government * ... Since all these institutions are
entirely fictitious and their creators are catering solely for foreign con-